NEW DELHI — Outside the white marble facade of the imposing Taj Mahal, tourists are facing a menace: gangs of hungry, rosy-bottomed monkeys. They bite. They scratch. Occasionally, they kill.
Now, Indian security guards are cracking down, taking to the streets of Agra, India, where the monument is, to scare off the animals. Their weapon of choice?
“Foreign tourists get very excited to see the monkeys,” said Dineshor Tongbram, the deputy commandant of a security force for the Taj Mahal. “They try to go closer to them and become victims.”
The threat of an attack is real. Last May, two French tourists were reportedly confronted by a mob of monkeys and bitten. In November, a monkey snatched a local baby from his mother, bit him and then dumped him on a neighbor’s roof. The boy later died of his injuries.
“There are too many monkeys in the area,” the child’s uncle, Dhirendra Kumar, told the BBC. “We live in fear.”
Every day, about 25,000 tourists visit the Taj Mahal, a 17th-century mausoleum built by the Muslim emperor Shah Jahan for his favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The famous monument is on the banks of the Yamuna River, a spot where many of the monkeys gather and scavenge for food.
Tourists are not allowed to carry food into the Taj Mahal, and many dump containers in trash cans near its entry gates, attracting the monkeys. At least one or two attacks take place every month, Mr. Tongbram said.
At times, even security guards feel threatened. Recently, members of the Archaeological Survey of India wrote to city authorities in Agra and urged them to tackle the monkey problem.
But certain rules are inflexible, Mr. Tongbram said. India’s Wildlife Protection Act prohibits harming wild animals, so the slingshots are used just to chase pests away. Some other Indian cities use trained langurs, a fierce, black-faced monkey, but they are not permitted near the Taj Mahal.