HONG KONG — Tension between China and Sweden over the treatment of a group of tourists in Stockholm has escalated after a satirical skit depicted Chinese travelers as people who eat dogs and need to be told not to defecate in public.
The incident has led to repeated complaints from Chinese diplomats, and calls on Chinese social media for boycotts of Swedish products and travel to the country.
The tensions began earlier this month when a Chinese man and his parents arrived at a hostel in Stockholm after midnight, hours before they could check in for a reservation beginning the next afternoon. The Generator hostel told the three they could not stay overnight in the lobby, and called the police when they refused to leave.
Video of the police forcibly removing the family, who were protesting their treatment, was posted online. At one point the son, surnamed Zeng, shouted, “This is killing!”
The incident has been given extensive coverage by Chinese media outlets. The ire from the Chinese side increased after the skit was aired last week by the Swedish national broadcaster SVT.
The skit, which ran on the Svenska Nyheter program, was billed as a guide for Chinese tourists to avoid causing problems while abroad. It said that pet dogs should not be seen as potential meals, and warned against defecating outside historical monuments. The show uploaded a portion of the skit on Youku, a Chinese online video service.
Geng Shuang, a spokesman for China’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs, called the program “a gross insult to and vicious attack on China and the Chinese people” in a statement Monday. He said the host’s comments were “full of prejudices, biases and provocations against China and some other ethnic groups.”
Thomas Hall, the entertainment director for SVT, said in a statement Monday that it had been a mistake to upload a portion of the skit onto Youku. He said that the intention of the skit was to mock racism and highlight how “sinophobia” was not considered as much of a concern as other forms of discrimination in Sweden.
SVT’s program director, Jan Helin, said the network would not apologize for the satire, the network’s news division reported.
The Chinese Embassy in Stockholm on Tuesday called for the program to engage in “profound reflection and immediately issue a sincere apology.”
The Swedish Foreign Ministry said on Wednesday: “We have no comment. Freedom of expression applies.”
The tension over the tourist incident and the skit follows a visit to Sweden this month by the Dalai Lama, over the objections of China.
It also came amid long-running concerns about the fate of a Chinese-born Swedish publisher who was imprisoned in China. The publisher, Gui Minhai, had published books from Hong Kong filled with speculative gossip about the Chinese leadership.
He was secretly taken from Thailand to China in 2015 and was later shown on Chinese television admitting to violating publishing rules. Such televised confessions by subjects who have been incommunicado with no legal protections are often used by the Chinese authorities to respond to outside criticism over politically sensitive cases.
Mr. Gui spent two years in prison for a drunken-driving fatality in China more than a decade earlier. The Chinese authorities said he had been released last year, but his whereabouts were unclear.
Then in January he was snatched from a Chinese train while traveling with Swedish diplomats. Sweden’s foreign minister, Margot Wallstrom, called it a “brutal intervention” that contravened “basic international rules on consular support.”
The diplomatic strains over the tourist incident have reverberated on Chinese social media. While some people said the family traveling in Sweden acted inappropriately, the strongest sentiment seemed to be anger at Svenska Nyheter’s depiction of Chinese tourists.
It is unclear whether calls to punish Sweden economically will have any lasting effect. Chinese nationals are a small but rapidly growing part of tourism to Sweden. Ikea, the Swedish furniture giant, has eight outlets in mainland China, and they are often packed with shoppers.
Previous boycott efforts have had mixed results. While Norway’s salmon exports to China plunged after the Nobel Peace Prize was given to the Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo in 2010, bilateral trade hit a peak in 2015. The two countries normalized relations in 2016.
Trade also rose between China and South Korea even after the Chinese government stirred up anger over the installation of a missile defense system by the United States in South Korea. But some prominent South Korean companies did take a hit, and the supermarket chain Lotte was forced to close dozens of stores in the mainland.
The controversial television skit is likely to fuel lingering resentment in China over the treatment of the family of tourists in Stockholm.
The video of the tourists being removed from the hotel did not show the police using violence against the family. Some aspects of Chinese state media reports on the incident were contested by Swedish journalists. The family was not taken to a cemetery, as the Communist Party-owned Global Times reported, but to a metro station called Woodland Cemetery.
Chinese diplomats nevertheless complained about the family’s treatment. The Chinese Embassy in Sweden said they had been “brutally abused by the Swedish police.”
The Swedish Prosecution Authority said the Public Prosecution Office determined that the police had not committed a criminal offense and would not open an investigation.